Saturday, February 8, 2020
Measurement in Mixed Methods Design - Essay Example Research participants are selected randomly from a population. The researcher in this case is independent of the research problems and thus objective. Standardized research tools/instruments are used to collect data from the sample studied. Quantifiable information is gathered and subjected to statistical analysis. Usually predetermined hypotheses on the (cause-effect) relationship between research variables are tested. One of the hypotheses leads for generalizations on the larger population. The ability to reliably quantifiably measures of research variables and generalize observed patterns makes quantitative method very useful in scientific research. Also objectivity of this method implies the results found at the end of the research can be replicated regardless of whoever that conduct the same research using the same manner. The ability to generate reliable population-based data, manipulate it using statistical techniques and inferentially generalize aspects of the population makes this method suitable for establishing cause-and-effect relationships. Unfortunately, quantitative approach is weak in social sciences because it removes the subject of research from natural settings. Thus studying human behaviour out of context makes it benignly weak in social science research. Qualitative research methodologies are on the other hand value-laden and are used to design, collect, analyze and interpret data by observing what people do and say. Qualitative research methodologies are more subjective than quantitative research and uses very different methods of collecting information, mainly individual, in-depth interviews and focus groups. They are used to explain the meanings people assign to social phenomena and human behaviours. The researcher in this case is the instrument of data collection, and results may vary greatly depending upon who conducts the research. Thus, measurement is subjective. The beauty of qualitative methodology is that it generates
Wednesday, January 29, 2020
Leadership Imperatives in the Arab-American University Essay Leadership in a school of higher and advanced learning such as the Arab-American University requires collaborative and confrontational challenges with a number of issues, typical but not limited to that of any educational institution. Such issues as cultural diversity, inclusivity, intellectual activities such as research and instruction, social involvements such as community extension services, students affairs, finance, marketing, strategic business models, organizational theories, profitability and shareholder value, political and social congruencies and differences, among others, often create deep chasms to and between the various school sectors that are ironically bound by a common purpose Ã¢â¬â quality education. This is made more demanding when Arab and American views are integrated in a single community. What unique leadership and management model therefore would apply under such a sensitive configuration? What risk management intervention would constantly prevail? What residual risks or synergy, if any, would be evident? Leadership and management in an educational institution are perhaps among the most formal, sensitive and confrontational roles a professional can assume. Business organizations established for profit are far easier managed and led as there is that environment and mandate of compliance required of every employee based on employment contracts and agreements. This compliance system gives the manager the elbow room to adopt an organizational approach under a theory x or y scenario. Admittedly, discipline under an entrepreneurial undertaking is demanded primarily to meet shareholder value targets and for survival secondarily. Universities are considered more complex than most organizational systems as they demand the most professional processes than any other institution. Schools are assumed to be the fount and cradle of learning, hence a strong exemplary modeling of instructors and administrators are always the subject of intensive scrutiny among other sectors. Would this university therefore require a business-like management style or an organization leadership mix that is as fluid as the socio-cultural and political dimensions? . In an age where socio-cultural and political diversities are characterized with the widest spectra and extremes, the establishment of an Arab-American intellectual Mecca can be expected to require the most intense professional and socio-cultural leadership anywhere. This study would be interested in identifying areas of collaboration while addressing confrontational issues and risks along the process. Similarly, the relevance of this study along multicultural settings in complex and diverse forms and in highly professional environment would transcend, even revolutionize all assumptions, hypothesis and even all forms of propositions about multicultural biases. Brief history of the Arab-American University The Arab-American University (AAU) was established in 1973 as non-sectarian, non-profit and non-government institution of higher learning. Its primary purpose is to address the educational needs of Arab-Americans starting from preschool to basic, secondary, higher education, to graduate and post-graduate levels. Among its goals and objectives include providing full scholarships to families of indigent but intellectually capable members of the Arab-American community in a specific area with a relatively high density of Arab-American families. While the university accepts Muslim students, it also caters to students from other religious and cultural denominations and groups.. The university is primarily a combination of a business college strongly oriented towards information technology and engineering courses, both technical and baccalaureate degrees. The university is composed of seven schools: the Schools of Business Management, Hospitality Management, Accountancy, Nursing and Midwifery, Medicine, Arts, Political and the Social Sciences, Polytechnic Institute composed of the Departments of Architecture, Computer Science, Electronic Communications Engineering, Civil and Mechanical Engineering and Fine Arts, its flagship programs includes Accountancy where it ranks among the top 50 business schools in the United States, Electronics Communications Engineering, Nursing, Hospitality Management and Mechanical Engineering. All seven schools are verticalized with their respective graduate schools. As of the year 2008, the university boasted a population of 30,000 highly selected students and scholars from 25 states and 15 countries mostly from the Middle East and Asian countries. Its student population increases by an average of 15 per cent and expected to hit 50,000 by 2012. Presently, it maintains two campuses Ã¢â¬â the Chicago and Urbana Campuses, each with its own charter and separate sets of faculty. All courses are offered in both campuses. For the last three years, AAU has garnered a number of academic awards, including twelve top researches awards in Accountancy, Computer Sciences, Nursing, Electronic Communications Engineering Awards. As of December 31, 2008, the school started to become consistent in its passing rate for the Accountancy, Nursing and Engineering courses all averaging about 80 per cent against the national norm of 40 per cent. For nursing, AAU has started to register a 100 per cent passing rate in the Nursing Board Examinations. All colleges and schools in the university are headed by a Dean of the College and are assisted by a Vice Dean with a pool of Academic Chairs for each of the courses or majors within the college. A Faculty secretary is the administrative officer of each college or school and must be a holder of a doctorÃ¢â¬â¢s degree in any of the courses in the college where he or she is assigned. The faculty secretary is the point person of every college but maintains a built-in six units of academic load in addition to his full-time administrative work. The university boasts of complete state of the art facilities for all of its laboratory classes including its basic education department. Its library is one of the most complete, up-to-date libraries in the world with the most comprehensive collection of traditional and electronic materials. During the last five years, the university has been the recipient of awards for excellence in community involvement and extension services. Its research center laboratory enjoys an endowment fund from where it trains and maintains its pool of researchers from the ranks of the faculty. Leadership Efficiency and Effectiveness and the primary key concepts adopted in the university Just like any school of advanced learning, the university is a complex organization that adheres to the mission, vision, goals and objectives it has demanded from itself and its academic and non-academic employees the highest standards of professionalism, responsiveness, community involvement, strong, visible and dynamic research-orientations and the disciplinary but compassionate relationship maintained with the students of all levels. To be effective and efficient, the university periodically asserted its need to formalize and communicate its strategic, tactical and operational plan in the same other successful organizations do. (Robbins, 2003). Looking ahead and beyond the current situations in the industry, (in this case the education sector) brings uncertainties and risks into the open and allows the organization a clear means of managing, confronting and even avoiding those uncertainties and risks. (Shaw,2003). The university makes sure that it conducts its strategic planning session annually before the onset of the succeeding year in time for translating the strategic level into the tactical component as well as operationalizing the tactical level. (Anthony Govindarajan, 2001). Similarly, AAU never fails to conduct an evaluation and assessment of its preset plans as means of determining where it is and what constraining and enabling factors it is experiencing. (Atkinson et al, 2003). This evaluation additionally renders the university an effective means of addressing change (Koller as cited by Robbins, 2003). These planning and change management processes articulates AAUs assertion of leadership under inherent socio-cultural complexities through clear visioning and communication initiatives to all its stakeholders that for many years, have been encouraged to actively participate in the planning sessions. This has greatly contributed to the overwhelming atmosphere of professionalism in the university. The senior administrators of AAU may not have formal training on complexity management, but their organizational leadership styles enable the attainment of an enviable cohesiveness as a team with a common purpose of being; that of addressing ignorance and mediocrity where they are needed. AAUÃ¢â¬â¢s uniqueness stems from its capability to harness its management with the leadership character to instill regulatory and policy compliance without having to assert authority and power in between (House cited by Robbins, 2003). It is surprising that even under intense pressure to compete and manage the scarce resources provided endowment; the AAU is able to integrate the sensitive and complex balance scorecard approach in its strategic decision making. (Kaplan Norton, 2004). The university attributes this success factor on its priority for choosing its leaders under the trait theory that focuses on the personal qualities along charisma, exemplary modeling, attitude, enthusiasm and even personal traits common to both cultures as courage and determination. (Robbins,2003). Despite rigorous studies on identifying leadership traits for its management, supervisory and staff positions, the university correlates traits such as drive and ambition, integrity which includes honesty and sincerity, competence along knowledge and skills and even sense of sacrifice. (Robbins,2003). The university however, continues to experience a dearth of this type of managers with the leadership dimension due to the expansion and establishment of similar institutions outside of the United States. Thus, aware of this constraint, AAU emphasizes its executive and management development training programs to prepare the transition of its key people towards the great demand for exemplary modeling (DelaTorre, 2006); that is, managers and leaders who took initiatives to address the personal needs of the employees as means of making them more productive in the process. (Robbins, 2003). The university seldom experiences the risks of the groupthink factor (Shafritz Ott on Janis,1992) as it respects the need for all decision makers to be extremely knowledgeable and skilled in the decision making processes. Being a part of its strategic objectives, the annual development programs encourage AAU employees to be continuously motivated, through the behavioral theory approach, effectively deciding as a team in addressing organizational objectives. This motivational drive expands the employees horizons and capabilities towards job satisfaction and sustainable learning and growth of its human capital (Kaplan Norton, 2003). As a result, AAU has achieved in just 25 years what other universities tried to accomplish in a century and under the most challenging multicultural scenarios. On one hand, the leadership and management mix being adopted in the university guarantees and assure empowerment of units and people towards autonomy and self-regulation. This is granted after intensive training on decision making and university processes that includes appreciation and utilization of marketing researches and theories in support of policy formulation and implementation. The immense authorities and power given especially to the respective heads of offices, primarily the Deans of Colleges and Schools, are always tempered with management control systems to guide all decisions towards achievement of goals every inch of the way. The resultant good governance, control and transparency outcomes of this empowerment initiatives unburdens the senior management with operational concerns, thus allowing this level a clear focus on the strategic direction of the university and strengthening its social and political influence through good governance and risk management processes (Shaw,2003) On the other hand, the administrative efficiency has been excellently adopted through specialization and responsibility accounting that enables units to address issues at every level strengthening the span of control while focusing tasks towards a specific class of clients, concerns and even the university campus designated purposely for the educational services. (Shafrits Ott on Simon, 1992). The leadership styles and practices exercised by the AAU stakeholder group are creating new levels of efficiency and effectiveness in the hierarchy and creating precedents as well as new theories to emerge in the realm of university value-based (Koller, 1994) management and organizational leadership. These new learning and growth perspectives have revolutionized the balanced scorecard (Horngren et al, 2000) and stakeholder principles (DelaTorre, 2006) with an exemplary mix of leadership innovations. Despite the control risks that mix might be spawned by the staff turnovers experienced during the last few years, the university has maintained a loyalty index of more than ten years among its people. This is a sustainability plus factor in human resource management of the school. Other key principles and concepts adopted In the area of instruction, research and extension services for example, excellence in the classroom is primarily driven by a strongly motivated select members of the faculty pool whose training and development focus is based on aligning the needs of the teachers with the needs of the university. This congruency theory in objectives (DelaTorre, 2006) allows for mutual and beneficial relationship between faculty providers and students. The intervention theory (Shafrits Ott on Argyris, 1992) in organizations demands a strong psychotherapy approach (Rogers Roethlisberger, 2000) to communications. The theory presupposes the presence of a special relationship between people to enable openness and transparency among constituents. Teachers display this practice in terms of open and complementary student advising and counseling sessions not only as part of the intervention process but a critical part of the formation process in education. Students need and demand attention in the form of interventions especially in difficult and complex scenarios they find themselves in the process of earning a degree. Thus this psychotherapy theory helps in providing a strong motivational environment in the classroom opens avenues for students to be creative and enthusiastic about their career plans. Secondarily, this special attention given to student clientele becomes a strong promotional and marketing tool for the university in attracting students even from those school already established. The need for any intensive advertising and marketing efforts to project the identity of the schools are addressed by the students themselves who become informal marketing and testimonial proofs of quality education. This has expanded the market of the university even to those non-Arab-Americans who appreciate the philosophy that the school articulates and manifests through its graduates. Managing and leading a university in the current socio-economic environment becomes problematic even under the various principles of organization (Shafritz and Ott on Cohen and March, 1992). These anarchic ambiguities of purpose, power, experience and success can render even the most competent university president to fail in some circumstances in due time. Thus the management and organizational leadership mix is both critical and mandatory. This allows the president to grab the appropriate management and leadership tool at a given situation and scenario and exert and even allow certain precedent-setting decisions to effect changes with the least minimum resistance or optimum cooperation. Thus, inability along this line runs the risk of getting confused with his leadership character or manager authority or some hybrid in between. For AAU, the consultation process with the constituents and stakeholders becomes the medium by which decision critical to every office headÃ¢â¬â¢s functions are articulated. This explores the best idea possible while addressing and dissipating potential resistance to any innovations and measures not easily understood or appreciated.
Tuesday, January 21, 2020
Until All The Men Are Back 'Suppose one of you has a hundred sheep and loses one of them. Does he not leave the ninety-nine in the open country and goes after the lost sheep until he finds it? 'And, when he finds it, he puts it on his shoulders and goes home. 'Then he calls [everyone] and says, 'Rejoice with me; I have found my lost sheep''; (Jesus Christ: Luke 15:4-6). Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã For some thirty years, two thousand four hundred thirteen (2,413) souls have been crying out for freedom, but they are waiting as lost sheep for their shepherd to find. The title, whether Prisoner Of War, Missing In Action, or Killed In Action b.n.r. (body not recovered) matters not. There is terrible wrong that continues to be allowed to perpetrate the halls of the United States Congress and the office of the President. The United States government considers these men and women more easily pronounced dead than becoming stuck within the quagmire of Vietnam investigations again. The majority attitude is to remember them in a past tense manner, a manner of 'out of sight, out of mind.'; Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã The POW/MIA personnel took an oath upon entry into the armed forces, which the United States government needs to reciprocate. Within the context of this oath are phrases such as 'I am prepared to give my life in [my country's] defense.'; There are sworn words such as 'I will never forget that I am an American and dedicated to the principles which made my country free.'; The men and women falling under the aforementioned titles of POW, MIA or KIA (b.n.r.) need the same commitment shown them as the sheep in the scriptural quote above. The shepherd, the people of the United States, should commit to finding the lost and bring them back to the flock. This must be our mutual oath to the ones sitting day and night, year after year in the dejection and despondency of a prison. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã As written by Dennis Johnson in his poem 'Missing in Action,'; he speaks in the first person tense of one missing: I am an MIA still waiting here today. In a war that no one wanted I was lost and left behind. I did nothing to dishonor yet you still dishonor me. How can you disremember when my soul is not yet free? I am here because you left me. It's so simple, don't you see?
Monday, January 13, 2020
I think it would be nice to attend an all-girls school. I am for this for many different reasons. Of course, there would be a lot less drama with the girls, and they would concentrate more on their schoolwork instead of their appearance. Their grades would be much better, because they would study more and ask questions about the assignments. An all-girls school is a great idea for teenage girls in high school, because since there would be no boys around, the girls wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t be vying for their attention. Without all of the boys, the girls wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t worry about many things, besides their schoolwork and their grade. They wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t wear make-up or cute clothes, because they would have nobody to impress. IÃ¢â¬â¢m going to admit it, there are only two reasons why girls have drama or fight, either somebody is running their mouth, or itÃ¢â¬â¢s over a guy. On https://privateschool.about.com/u/ua/choosingschools2/singlesex.htm, there is a comment from a girl with the username, Girl Power. In her comment she makes really good points about why an all-girls school is better than coeducational. Although all of the comments were inspirational and helpful in making my decision, her comment was the one that helped me make my final decisions that I have written in this paper. All-girls schools help young women learn to be independent, and not fight about stupid things, like boys. In all-girls schools, just like coeducational schools, there are different groups of people. Some of the groups are similar to the groups at coeducational schools, such as preps, jocks, nerds, miscellaneous, etc. All-girls schools would have a lot less drama than coeducational schools, because the girls would have no reason to start drama. Alright, this whole next paragraph is my opinion; you donÃ¢â¬â¢t have to agree with me. Girls pay a lot more attention to their schoolwork then to boys in all-girls schools, because there are no boys around to pay attention to. Most girls just canÃ¢â¬â¢t help it, they are natural flirts. My friends and I are that way, so IÃ¢â¬â¢m not being mean. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s completely natural to flirt, some girls may take it too far, but thatÃ¢â¬â¢s their problem. If I was at an all-girls school, I am almost positive my grades would be better than they are now, except for math. Math is my weakness. If all the boys left midway for a week, and nothing was left but the girls, the school average would increase dramatically, because the girls would pay attention more, and make better grades. Girls are too worried about their appearance or too caught up in flirting with the boys to pay attention in class, therefore, they will fail. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s normal for girls to crave the attention from the boys. Most of the time it reflects in the way girls act. Sometimes I donÃ¢â¬â¢t understand why girls have boyfriends, because they will flirt anyways, itÃ¢â¬â¢s the natural thing. I got off topic there for a second, letÃ¢â¬â¢s get back on track. The girls wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t have to look Ã¢â¬Å"perfectÃ¢â¬ at an all-girls school. They wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t have to wear any make-up; they would just have natural beauty. They wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t be competing for attention from the boys, because there would be absolutely no boys. Well, after doing a lot of research and taking a lot of notes, an all-girls school is the way to go. Less drama, better grades, and you donÃ¢â¬â¢t have to be perfect. Okay, IÃ¢â¬â¢m going to go beg my mommy to let me go to an all-girls school. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s the best decision in my opinion.
Sunday, January 5, 2020
Enlightenment (IntroductionÃ¢â¬ ¦where are we going?) Enlightenment was a time of reasoning; a time where ideas/concepts opened many eyes around the world. The Enlightenment period brought many questions, but not so many answers. People also became more independent not only with their way of thinking, but also physicallyÃ¢â¬â spirituallyÃ¢â¬âand emotionally. We often hear people talking about newton or Locke and their contribution to our society, but why are they so important? What exactly is Ã¢â¬Å"Enlightenment,Ã¢â¬ and what impact did it had in the world? LetÃ¢â¬â¢s find out together! (How would you define the Enlightenment in Europe?) A great description of Enlightenment in Europe to me would be eye opening! After reading chapter one and getting familiar theÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Locke also said that this specific rights are not subject to government intervention. Our second idea was Ã¢â¬Å"reason of stateÃ¢â¬ which is the idea that a Ã¢â¬Å"state should do anything ne cessary to advance its own well- being, including stealing, lying, or even murder.Ã¢â¬ (Carter Morris, 2017, p. 4) Finally, our third idea was Ã¢â¬Å"balance of powerÃ¢â¬ which means that states are able to form alliances to protect themselves against other states. Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, Roseau, NewtonXXXXXXXX were some of many influential thinkers of the time. (Carter Morris, 2017, p. 4) (Impact) During the Enlightenment period some of the most intelligent minds came out to prove a point. In the beginning society took it as if this intelligent minds were wrong because they did not want to face the facts. No one likes to be told that we need to think more because it makes us feel like we are not thinking enough. No one likes to be told how to raise their child because it makes us feel as we are not parenting right. During the enlightenment period, people that came out to say something could even be put to death. As more people like Locke came out, society began to question/reason. Some of this Ã¢â¬Å"Enlightenment FathersÃ¢â¬ even wrote books that in now days are still read and used. I will never forget about the Ã¢â¬Å"Enlightenment FathersÃ¢â¬ and their contribution to society. (Significance) The Enlightenment period was a very importantShow MoreRelatedCandide : A Reflection Of The Enlightenment1325 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Candide: A Reflection of the Enlightenment Francois-Marie Arouet, otherwise known as Voltaire was an 18th century French philosopher and writer during the Enlightenment period. VoltaireÃ¢â¬â¢s most famous work of literature; Candide follows a young man who grows up in a BaronÃ¢â¬â¢s castle (Castle Thunder-ten-tronckh), under the instruction of Dr. Pangloss, a tutor and philosopher who worships optimism even under extreme circumstances. Throughout VoltaireÃ¢â¬â¢s novel, Candide and his companions encounter aRead MoreReflection About The Enlightenment1530 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesReacting to the Past Games first seemed to be a bit of an unusual way to approach learning information about the Enlightenment. In the past, I was often taught through the same repetitive and plain methods of factual memorization followed by exams. These techniques were both very dull and resulted in a Ã¢â¬Å"memory dumpÃ¢â¬ of sorts. I was a bit afraid that this game would have a similar outcome. However, as the game progressed, I soon found i t more and more intriguing to learn about the time period andRead MoreReflection OnKnowing Others Is Wisdom, Mastering Yourself Is Enlightenment?966 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesI would like to begin with the quote Ã¢â¬Å"Knowing others is wisdom, mastering yourself is EnlightenmentÃ¢â¬ . In this course I have discovered more about myself all through the class formally as well as informally. To my surprise few of the Management skills I was performing in my day to day life in a corporate environment without knowing it. And then there are some brand new skills I have learnt in the class such as TuckmanÃ¢â¬â¢s team model, Drexler/Sibbet team performance model. At first I was thinking IRead MoreThe Rings of Saturn by W.G. Sebald1335 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesthesis draws specifically on their work The Dialectic of Enlightenment. The Enlightenment was an intellectual movement that spread through Europe during the eighteenth century, which involved a radical change in the way that philosophers and others understood the role of reason. It valued independent thought and promoted reason to a higher status and for some came to replace faith. Intrinsic in SebaldÃ¢â¬â¢s work is the idea that the Enlightenment project was programmed by violent distrusts of the non-identicalRead More Was The Enlightenment Really The Age of Reason? Essay1569 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesand constantly building on previous insights. The Enlightenment is a historical period referring to the intellectual movement that swept across Europe in the 18th century. To tackle this question, I will be looking at two texts. The essays, Ã¢â¬ËAn Answer to the Question: What is Enlightenme ntÃ¢â¬â¢ by Immanuel Kant, an 18th century philosopher, and Ã¢â¬ËWhat is EnlightenmentÃ¢â¬â¢ by Michel Foucault, a 20th century philosopher. The texts show that the Enlightenment was the age of reason because it allowed individualsRead More Perception Dante AlighieriÃ¢â¬â¢s in The Inferno Essay1321 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Dante not only learns about the sinners but he learns about himself when his journey is reflected by a living soul in hell. Dante successfully completes his journey of enlightenment though hell by learning through active observation and self-reflection about himself and his journey. With the beneficial observation and reflection, Dante learns from the sinners and gains knowledge about himself. There is a strong emphasis on perception throughout the novel. It is through sight that Dante acknowledgesRead MoreLiberalism in French Revolution Through Enlightenment1593 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages-UNDER THE IDEA OF ENLIGHTENMENT Dare to know! Have courage to use your own reason!-Kant Contents ENLIGHTENMENT AS AN IDEA: 3 FRENCH SOCIETY: 3 THE LIBERAL REVOLUTION: 3 CRITICISM ON THE IDEA OF LIBERALISM: 4 CONCLUSION 5 BIBLIOGRAPHY 6 ENLIGHTENMENT AS AN IDEA: Ã¢â¬Å"Enlightenment is mans emergence from his self-imposed nonageÃ¢â¬ ¦ Sapere Aude! Dare to Know! Have the courage to use your own understanding is therefore the motto of the Enlightenment.Ã¢â¬ Immanuel Kant (ColumbiaRead MoreEssay on The Enlightenment Movement 1041 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe 18th-century Enlightenment was an era that symbolized the desire to change social order of Europe citizens. The Church was thought to have been the source of truth and condemned any person that went against it, but people were beginning to think separately and independently from the Church. Thinkers of the Enlightenment provided new ideas based on reason, science, and valued humanity. In addition, writers of the Enlightenment intended to alter the relationship of people and government. AlthoughRead MoreAnalysis Of David Henry Thoreau s Poem, Where I Lived And What You Lived For955 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesKant argues, Ã¢â¬Å"Enlightenment is manÃ¢â¬â¢s emergence from his self-incurred imm aturityÃ¢â¬ (An Answer to the Question). In an agreeance to Thoreau, man has become indolent and passive, ignoring the world around them, and that one must, Ã¢â¬Å"Have the courage to use your own understandingÃ¢â¬ (Kant). One, who focuses their time on the present, forgets the mere thought of the future and the hardship of what it may bring. Kant indicates right away that the way out , that characterizes Enlightenment, is a processRead MoreA Philosophical Enquiry into the Origin of Our Ideas of the Sublime and Beautiful: Edmund Burke1299 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesTo talk about the Enlightenment taking current times into consideration, and more specifically to talk about an enlightened aesthetic, may seem unusual as the concept Ã¢â¬Å"enlightenedÃ¢â¬ is usually identify with political regimes and scientific systems. But the truth is a return to the meaning of the concept of enlightenment and its aesthetic has never been so necessary for understanding the world that surrounds u s as now. At a time in which cultural marketing and culture industries and their products
Saturday, December 28, 2019
Thursday, December 19, 2019
Zora Neale HurstonÃ¢â¬â¢s novel highly praised novel, Their Eyes Were Watching God, was once denounced by many critics because it was categorized as a feminist novel. However, through further analyzation, the novel is now viewed simply as a protagonist developing a feminist conscience throughout her marriages. Zora Neale Hurston was born in Natasulga, Alabama on January 7, 1891. Mrs. Hurston was the fifth of eight children to John Hurston, a carpenter and Baptist preacher, and Lucy Potts Hurston, a former schoolteacher. At a young age, Zora Neale Hurston relocated with her family and moved to the nationÃ¢â¬â¢s first incorporated black town, Eatonville, Florida. In Eatonville, Hurston was a privileged young woman living in an eight bedroom house on five acres of land. In this city, Hurston was capable of seeing the Ã¢â¬Å"black achievementÃ¢â¬ at its best. Zora was often recognized as the rambunctious child, despite her recurring run-ins as being the preacherÃ¢â¬â¢s daughte r (The Official Website of). In 1904, ZoraÃ¢â¬â¢s picturesque lifestyle came to an end. At the age of 13, HurstonÃ¢â¬â¢s lost her mother, and in the same year was forced to leave school to take care of her brotherÃ¢â¬â¢s children. Soon after, HurstonÃ¢â¬â¢s father married Mattie Moge, a young woman six years older than Zora. In 1917, at the age of 26, Zora Neale Hurston left home and disguised herself as a 16 year old and moved to Baltimore, Maryland to continue her education at a high school level. Following graduation, Zora enrolled in HowardShow MoreRelatedTheir Eyes Were Watching God1064 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagessignificant than death. In Zora Neale HurstonÃ¢â¬â¢s famous novel, Their Eyes Were Watching God, the main character Janie Crawford is plagued by the deaths of loved ones. Janie moves from caregiver to caregiver searching for true love and happiness, only to have it stripped away from her once she finds it in her third husband Tea Cake. At the end of the novel, hav ing realized true love and loss, Janie is a whole woman. Their Eyes Were Watching God portrays the growth of the human spirit through both the emotionalRead MoreTheir Eyes Were Watching God1780 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesshort story Ã¢â¬Å"SweatÃ¢â¬ and novel Their Eyes Were Watching God, the focus is on women who want better lives but face difficult struggles before gaining them. The difficulties involving men which Janie and Delia incur result from or are exacerbated by the intersection of their class, race, and gender, which restrict each woman for a large part of her life from gaining her independence. Throughout a fair part of Zora Neal HurstonÃ¢â¬â¢s novel, Their Eyes Were Watching God, JanieÃ¢â¬â¢s low class create problemsRead MoreTheir Eyes Were Watching God932 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesJanie Crawford: The Woman Whose Clothing Conveys Her Relationships In Zora Neale HurstonÃ¢â¬â¢s Their Eyes Were Watching God, the protagonist, Janie, endures two marriages before finding true love. In each of JanieÃ¢â¬â¢s marriages, a particular article of clothing is used to symbolically reflect, not only her attitude at different phases in her life, but how she is treated in each relationship. In JanieÃ¢â¬â¢s first marriage with Logan Killicks, an apron is used to symbolize the obligation in her marriage. Ã¢â¬Å"Read MoreAnalysis Of Their Eyes Were Watching God 1061 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesDivision: Janie Crawford in Their Eyes Were Watching God Their Eyes Were Watching God was written in 1937 by Zora Neale Hurston. This story follows a young girl by the name of Janie Crawford. Janie Crawford lived with her grandmother in Eatonville, Florida. Janie was 16 Years old when her grandmother caught her kissing a boy out in the yard. After seeing this her grandmother told her she was old enough to get married, and tells her she has found her a husband by the name of Logan. Logan was a muchRead More Eyes Were Watching God Essay711 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pages Their Eyes Were Watching God provides an enlightening look at the journey of a quot;complete, complex, undiminished human beingquot;, Janie Crawford. Her story, based on self-exploration, self-empowerment, and self-liberation, details her loss and attainment of her innocence and freedom as she constantly learns and grows from her experiences with gender issues, racism, and life. The story centers around an important theme; that personal discoveries and life experiences help a person findRead More Their Eyes Were Watching God Essay1757 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pages Their Eyes Were Watching God Book Report 1. Title: Their Eyes Were Watching God 2. Author/Date Written: Zora Neale Hurston/1937 3. Country of Author: 4. Characters Janie Mae Crawford- The bookÃ¢â¬â¢s main character. She is a very strong willed, independent person. She is able to defy a low class, unhappy life because of these factors, even though the environment that she grew up and lived in was never on her side. Pheoby Watson Ã¢â¬â JanieÃ¢â¬â¢s best friend in Eatonville. Pheoby is the only towns person whoRead MoreWhose eyes were watching God?1400 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesWhose eyes were watching God? In the movie Their Eyes Were Watching God, Oprah Winfrey manipulates events that happened in the book by Zora Neale Hurston. Oprah morphs many relationships in the movie Their Eyes Were Watching God. She changes the role of gender, and also makes changes in JanieÃ¢â¬â¢s character strength. Oprah also changes the symbolism in the movie to where some important symbols in the book change to less important roles. Oprah changes many important events in the book Their Eyes WereRead MoreTheir Eyes Were Watching God Essay724 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesTHEIR EYES WERE WATCHING GOD ESSAY Ã ¬Ã ¬ Janie Crawford is surrounded by outward influences that contradict her independence and personal development. These outward influences from society, her grandma, and even significant others contribute to her curiosity. Tension builds between outward conformity and inward questioning, allowing Zora Neal Hurston to illustrate the challenge of choice and accountability that Janie faces throughout the novel. JanieÃ¢â¬â¢s Grandma plays an important outward influenceRead MoreEssay on Their Eyes Were Watching God921 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesTheir Eyes Were Watching God An Analysis So many people in modern society have lost their voices. Laryngitis is not the cause of this sad situation-- they silence themselves, and have been doing so for decades. For many, not having a voice is acceptable socially and internally, because it frees them from the responsibility of having to maintain opinions. For Janie Crawford, it was not: she finds her voice among those lost within the pages of Zora Neale HurstonÃ¢â¬â¢s famed novel, Their Eyes Were WatchingRead MoreTheir Eyes Were Watching God By Zora Hurston Essay1233 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesHurston In the novel Ã¢â¬Å"Their Eyes Were Watching GodÃ¢â¬ by Zora Neal Hurston is about a young woman named Janie Crawford who goes on a journey of self discovery to find her independence. The book touches on many themes like gender roles, relations, independence and racism however racism isnÃ¢â¬â¢t mainly focused upon in the book which some writers felt should have been. Some felt that the representation of black characters should have been better role models. Zora HurstonÃ¢â¬â¢s novel wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t like other black literature